A Gharagozlou, DL Anderson, JF Gorski, JC Dietrich, D Ryan. “Developing an Emulator for Morphodynamic Response of the Nourished Beaches During Future Storm Events Based on XBeach Predictions.” ASBPA 2020 National Coastal Conference, 13-16 October 2020.
This new OWI file format was developed by Alex Crosby and his team at Oceanweather Inc. Most of the ADCIRC code to handle these new input files was implemented by Casey Dietrich.
ADCIRC has now been updated to allow the usage of NetCDF-formatted atmospheric fields from Oceanweather Inc. (OWI). In this new format, the surface pressure and wind fields have flexibility to represent different storms with different fields, to track storms with moving fields, and to vary resolution of the fields in both space and time. These updates have been added to the latest development version of ADCIRC, and they will be available in the next release version. These new fields are read by ADCIRC using the
NWS=13 parameter and a new input file.
The following animation shows the use of this new file format in an ADCIRC simulation for the wind fields due to Hurricane Charley (1999). Note that Charley is one of several storms during this period, and each storm is represented by a moving field overlaid on a coarser background field.
In the rest of this page, we describe the new input file format, how it is used in ADCIRC, and then provide a set of example files.
CC Massarra, CJ Friedland, BD Marx, JC Dietrich (2020). “Multihazard Hurricane Fragility Model for Wood Structure Homes Considering Hazard Parameters and Building Attributes Interaction.” Frontiers in Built Environment, 6, 147, DOI: 10.3389/fbuil.2020.00147.
Then, to best utilize this new mesh, a multi-resolution approach is implemented to use meshes of varying resolution when and where it is required. It is hypothesized that by `switching’ from coarse- to fine-resolution meshes, with the resolution in the fine mesh concentrated only at specific coastal regions influenced by the storm at that point in time, both accuracy and computational gains can be achieved. As the storm approaches the coastline and the landfall location becomes more certain, the simulation will switch to a fine-resolution mesh that describes the coastal features in that region. Application of the approach during Hurricanes Matthew and Florence revealed the predictions to improve in both accuracy and efficiency, as compared to that from single simulations on coarse- and fine-resolution meshes, respectively.
Finally, the efficiency of the approach is further improved in the case of Hurricane Matthew, by using multiple smaller fine-resolution meshes instead of a single high-resolution mesh for the entire U.S. southeast coast. Simulations are performed utilizing predicted values of water levels, wind speeds, and wave heights, as triggers to switch from one mesh to another. Results indicate how to achieve an optimum balance between accuracy and efficiency, by using the above-mentioned triggers, and through a careful selection of the combination meshes to be used in the approach. This research has the potential to improve the storm surge forecasting process. These gains in efficiency are directly a savings in wall-clock time, which can translate into more time to invest in better models and/or more time for the stakeholders to consider the forecast guidance.